Psikologi transpersonal: sebuah pendekatan baru psikologi spiritual

Khodijah, Khodijah (2003) Psikologi transpersonal: sebuah pendekatan baru psikologi spiritual. Paramedia - Jurnal Komunikasi dan Informasi Keagamaan, 4 (4). pp. 153-163. ISSN 1411-4763

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This paper presents only three concepts of transpersonal psychology. First, the concept of Religious Experience by William James (1842-1910) emphasizes that awareness is a key to understanding human experience, especially religious experience. To interpret religion, one needs to see the contents of religious awareness. Second, the concept of Self Actualization by Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) who based his theory of self actualization on a basic acsumption that human beings basically have intrinsic values in term of virtue. Hence, they are capable of improving themselves. Third, the concept of Becoming by Gordon Allport (1897-1967) who divides two patterns of religiosity: intrinsic and extrinsic. Extrinsic religion is a religion exerted to strengthen one's personality in terms of social status, wealth, authority, and other demands; whereas intrinsic pattern refers to the religiosity that is experienced not based on certain interests, but in the deepest part of the heart for the sake of virtuosity and holiness.

Item Type: Article
Khodijah, Khodijah
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psikologi transpersonal; psikologi spiritual
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170111 Psychology of Religion
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat > Tasawuf dan Psikoterapi
Depositing User: S.Pd.I Abdun Nashir
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2023 04:30
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2023 04:30

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