Metodologi hukum Islam Abd Al Halim Mahmud

Ghozali, M. Lathoif (2014) Metodologi hukum Islam Abd Al Halim Mahmud. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 9 (1). pp. 136-160. ISSN 2356-2218

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This article discusses the concept of ijtihâd (legal reasoning) and the typology of legal thought of ‘Abd al-Halîm Mahmûd. According to Mahmûd, ijtihad is devoting all abilities of a mujtahid to arrive at the essence and substance of a problem intended by the Prophet Muhammad. This definition is supported by the division of ijtihâd into two: ijtihâd istinbâtî, the object of which is the texts of the Qur’ân or the Sunnah, and ijtihâd tatbîqî, the object of which is legal problems of the time. Mahmud maintains that a mujtahid should meet certain qualifications such as the abilities of understanding Arabic language, memorizing the Qur’ân, understanding asbâb al-nuzûl (causes of revelation), memorizing the Traditions of the Prophet related to legal matters, and the brilliance in making legal reasoning and conclusions. Mahmûd belongs to moderate group that agrees with the formalization of private laws, while public laws in his view serve only as materials for national laws. Mahmûd also gives an emphasis on the integration between nass (text) and maqâsid al-sharî‘ah (the objectives of law).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Ghozali, M. Lathoif
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ijtihad istinbati; ijtihad tatbiqi; maqasid al Shariah
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180106 Comparative Law
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis ISlam > Manajemen Zakat dan Wakaf
Depositing User: Abdun Nashir
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2021 04:14
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2021 04:14

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